The 1st Xiangshan Form was held in Beijing from October 23 to 24, 2006, the theme of which was “Peaceful Development and Security in the Asia-Pacific Region”. The 1st Forum witnessed the participation of 24 delegates from 14 foreign countries including America, Russia, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Norway, Romania, Japan, South Korea, India, Pakistan, Singapore, the Philippines and Uzbekistan, who represented 21 famous foreign think tanks like the Rand Corporation, America, the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), Great Britain, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden, and the Institute of Military History of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation. 20 scholars from 18 research institutions from within China and the PLA also participated in the event. In addition, over 50 scholars of the Academy of Military Science (AMS) participated in all the academic activities of the forum. Zhang Qinsheng, Assistant to the Chief of General Staff of the PLA, Zheng Shenxia, President of the AMS, Liu Yuan, Political Commissar of the AMS, Sun Yafu, Deputy Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, PRC, and He Yafei, Assistant Foreign Minister, PRC, delivered their speeches at the forum, centering on such issues as China’s military diplomacy, China’s peaceful development and Asia-Pacific security, missions and challenges for defense think tanks in a new era, basic standpoints of the Chinese government on solving the Taiwan issue peacefully.